Yotam Ottolenghi’s one-pot wonders- recipes

Theres a very good reason our ancestors cooked meat and grain in the same pot: the combining is comforting, filling and mouth-watering

The combination of meat and grain is an ancient tradition. Such one-pot wonders have been simmering away for centuries , not least for reasons of necessity and efficiency: necessity in that the addition of a starch is a way to stimulate meat stretch further; efficiency in that, by cooking everything in a single pot, very little goes to waste.

These days, we no longer regard a whole joint of meat as an extravagance, and we cook for reasons other than necessity but theres still a place for this old-fashioned style of cooking. I take a pleasure in the prudence of the one-pot dish( no trash, very little cleaning up) and the simplicity of feeding many mouths with relatively little meat. But, more than anything, Im drawn to the tradition for reasons of flavour, robustness and convenience, particularly at this time of year. The long, slow cooking of a one-pot dish allows for an exchange of flavors between the stock, meat and grains that is second to none. The tender, giving meat provides all the convenience you could ask for, while the grain provides the robustness this is necessary when the weather turns cold. Which is as good a reason as any to keep cooking this style for many more years to come.

Greek lamb shanks with rice and lemon

The rice brings more convenience than bite to this dish, but then convenience is what you want from a hearty stew that can go straight from the cooker to the table. Serves four.

90 ml olive oil
200 g shallots, peeled and halved
Salt and freshly ground black pepper
4 lamb shanks
1 large carrot, peeled and cut into 2cm pieces
2 large celery sticks, trimmed and cut into 2cm pieces
5 bay leaves
3 small cinnamon sticks
The peel of 1 lemon, plus 60 ml juice
1 litre chicken stock
1 tbsp ground cumin
1 tsp dried mint
300 g basmati rice
1 egg
10 g mint leaves, roughly chopped
10 g tarragon leaves, roughly chopped
200 g Greek yoghurt( optional )

Heat three tablespoons of oil in a large casserole on a medium-high flame. Fry the shallots for three to four minutes, stirring regularly, until well browned, then remove from the pan and set aside( theyll be cooked more later on, with the rice ). Keep the pan on the heat.

Season the shanks with a teaspoon and a half of salt and a teaspoon of pepper in total, then brown in the hot fat for six to eight minutes, turning regularly, until coloured all over. Add the carrot, celery, bay leaves, cinnamon, lemon peel and stock the shanks should be almost submerged in the liquid. Cover and leave to simmer on a low heat for an hour and 45 minutes, turning the shanks once or twice, until the meat is tender and starting to fall off the bone. Lift out the shanks and set aside with the shallots. Strain the stock and set aside. Discard all the aromatics except the cinnamon.

Heat the oven to 170 C/ 335 F/ gas mark 3. Wipe clean the casserole and return it to a medium heat with the remaining two tablespoons of oil. Fry the ground cumin for got a couple of seconds, then add the dried mint, rice and three-quarters of a teaspoon of salt. Stir to coat the rice in oil, then pour on 670 ml of the strained cooking liquor. Return the shanks to the pot( stand them up in the rice, if you are able ), add the reserved cinnamon and fried shallots, encompas and cook for 30 minutes.

Meanwhile, whisk together the egg and lemon juice in a small bowl. Pour 60 ml of the remaining stock into a small saucepan( refrigerate or freeze the rest; you should have about 300 ml left over ). Bring to a simmer, then slowly whisk the hot stock into the egg and lemon mix.

Remove the lamb pot from the oven, pour the egg concoction evenly over the meat and rice, sprinkle over half the herbs and take to the table. Serve from the pot, adding the remaining herbs as each portion is plated. I like to eat this with a big dollop of Greek yoghurt.

Beef short rib with barley and potatoes

Despite featuring Asian ingredients, this tastes like a familiar north European beef stew with a very subtle twist. Inspired by Koreatown: A Cookbook, by Deuki Hong and Matt Rodbard( 25; Random House ), its best served with sauerkraut or kimchi. Ideally, use pot barley with its hull intact( unlike pearled barley, which is hulled and therefore more tender ): it has an inherent nuttiness and bite that means it holds its own in rich dishes. Serves four, generously.

100 ml soy sauce
60 ml mirin
60 ml sake
Salt and freshly ground black pepper
200 g daikon radish, peeled and roughly chopped( or normal radishes, trimmed but unpeeled )
2 nashi pears( or any other ripe pear ), peeled, cored and roughly chopped( 280 g net weight )
4 garlic cloves, peeled and crushed
500 ml beef stock
1.3 kg beef short ribs, cut between the bones into separate ribs
1 tbsp groundnut oil
2 large carrots, peeled and cut into 2cm dice
2 large waxy potatoes( desiree or charlotte, tell ), peeled and chopped into 3cm dice
2 onions, peeled and quartered
8 dried shiitake mushrooms, quartered
100 g pot barley( or pearled barley )

Heat the oven to 150 C/ 300 F/ gas mark 2. Put the soy, mirin and sake in a blender, add a teaspoon of freshly ground black pepper, the daikon, pears, garlic and as much stock as the machine will take, then blitz smooth. Tip into a bowl, stir in the remaining stock and set aside.

Mix the ribs in a large bowl with the oil, three-quarters of a teaspoon of salt and plenty of pepper. Put a 28 cm oven-safe cast-iron pot for which you have a lid on a high heat, then fry the ribs, in batches if need be, for two to three minutes on each side, until browned. Remove the pan from the heat and dispose any oil. Scatter the carrots, potatoes, onions and dried shiitake around the ribs, pour in the stock concoction and bring to a simmer. Cover, carefully transfer to the oven and cook for 90 minutes.

Skim any fat off the surface, then gently stir in the barley, cover again and cook for another 90 minutes, until the barley is cooked, the sauce is thick and the meat literally falls off the bone. Serve piping hot.

Chicken with dates, saffron and freekeh

Yotam Ottolenghis chicken with dates, saffron and freekeh. Photo: Louise Hagger for the Guardian. Food styling: Emily Kydd. Prop styling: Jennifer Kay

Freekeh is wheat thats harvested while still green and not totally dry, and then roasted. It infuses any dish with a hint of smokiness. Serves four.

8 chicken thighs, skin on and on the bone
2 tsp paprika
tsp ground cinnamon
Salt and freshly ground black pepper
2 tbsp olive oil
2 medium onions, peeled and cut into 2cm-wide wedges
3 small cinnamon sticks
3 broad strips orange peel
3 bay leaves
10 cardamom pods, softly bruised
250 g freekeh, rinsed
6 medjool dates, quartered lengthways and stoned
tsp saffron threads
500 ml chicken stock
25 g flaked almonds, toasted
5g mint leaves, roughly shredded
180 g Greek yoghurt, to serve( optional )

Put the chicken in a large bowl, sprinkle over the paprika, ground cinnamon, three-quarters of a teaspoon of salt and plenty of pepper. Rub the seasoning all over the chicken, then put in the fridge to marinate for an hour and a half.

Heat the oil in a large saute pan for which you have a lid on a medium-high flame, then fry the chicken for 10 minutes, turning them halfway through, until the scalp is dark golden-brown. Transfer the chicken to a plate and dispose all but two tablespoons of the oil in the pan.

Turn up the heat to high, then fry the onions for six to seven minutes, stirring often, until somewhat charred. Turn down the heat to medium, add the cinnamon, orange, bay and cardamom, and fry for three minutes, until the onions are soft and the spices are aromatic. Stir in the freekeh, dates, saffron, stock, 100 ml water and three-quarters of a teaspoon of salt, then return the chicken to the pan so it sinks into the freekeh a little but is not entirely submerged.

Once the pot comes to a simmer, turn down the heat to medium-low, encompas and simmer for 35 minutes, until the freekeh and chicken are cooked. Raise the heat, withdraw existing lid and leave to bubble away for two to three minutes more, until the grain has absorbed most of the liquid. Take the pot off the heat, sprinkle with the almonds and mint, and serve at once.

Yotam Ottolenghi is chef/ patron of Ottolenghi and Nopi in London.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

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