Dishing the grime on detox | Jay Rayner

A self-confessed glutton, Jay Rayner has always been wary of the January detox. But after talking to experts and sampling some of the products, hes discovered the truth is even worse than he imagined

Sunday afternoon in the darkest days of early January and I am sitting on the sofa, my face caked in a mix of clay mined from deep below the Atlas mountains and organic rosewater from the Dades Valley. My cheeks and brows are a mess of coagulating geography. I am giving myself a home facial, courtesy of Facetox, a product originating from Leeds which promises to Extract, Pull& Detoxify. The box tells its cruelty free, but doing this to myself feels rather less so.

In my hand is a steaming mug of Dr Stuarts Liver Detox naturally caffeine-free tea, containing dandelion root, centaury herb and milk thistle. The tea have committed themselves to get it out your system without telling exactly what it might be. Before applying the mask I drank a glass of lemonade the colour of an outflow from a flooded coal mine. It is produced by Press London, is 0.05% activated charcoal and has the word detox on the label.

The face mask starts drying out, pulling my skin taut underneath. I begin to feel a little bit of an arse, because the one thing all these products apparently claim to do detoxify me, purge me of poisons is the one thing they cannot do. Yes, I may have indulged over Christmas: drunk deep, eaten broadly, made the sugars and the fats like a develop ramming the buffers. But I know nothing with the word detox on the label will mitigate any of it.

The whole idea does construct me smile, tells Dr Donal ODonoghue, prof of renal medication at Manchester University and president of the Renal Association, because it is cobblers. There is nothing like this which will improve your bodys detoxification system.

Nor does there need to be because of what butchers would call our offal, and Ill call our kidneys and liver these organs have that whole detox business encompassed for us. The liver processes what we put into ourselves. The kidneys then filter it out. There is nothing we can eat which will improve liver and kidney function, tells Dimple Thakrar, spokesperson for the British Dietetic Association. As long as you are eating a normal, balanced diet your body will do exactly what it needs to do. Without our liver and kidneys we would die of poisoning, she tells. The whole notion of detox is not merely redundant but, to put it in technical terms, a dumb-ass symptom of a deep well of scientific illiteracy which enables sane people to believe whatever unsubstantiated, anti-modern, counter-intuitive, make-it-up-as-we-go-along, bottom-feeding blather thats jostle in front of us.

Mud, glorious dirt: Jay Rayner tries a facemask which, the packet tells, will extract, pull and detoxify

And yet the myth of the January detox suffers. Cosmetics companies spew forth literature on products they promise will purge your skin of all the poisons they have absorbed merely by living in the 21 st century. Juice companies offer detoxifying cleanses. You want your liver to be as shiny and fresh as a newborns? Someone somewhere believes they have a product for that. Reputable newspapers OK, the Daily Mirror fill their pages with hokum and woo about the need to re-alkalise your system by feeing plant algaes which help your body detoxify quickly.

The obvious reply is to murmuring a buffoon and their fund and move on. Surely, purifying yourself is a quick route to cleanse your billfold of fund. That Facetox pack expenses 24.99 for seven masks and, according to Dr Tamara Griffiths of the British Association of Dermatologists, will not detoxify you at all. Nothing applied to the skin will do that. It may take off some dead skin cells, but thats not really the same thing, she tells. The tea is 4. 40 a box. The activated charcoal lemonade retails at 6 for 330 ml.

The odd face mask or drinking of tea isnt going to do you any harm, but there can be a darker side to it if you go for a whole regime and prefer the incorrect one. This month a paper in the British Medical Journal reported the recent instance of a 47 -year-old woman admitted to hospital, suffered by seizures brought on by low sodium levels in her blood. She had been undergoing a herbal medication detox, alongside drinking vast amounts of water, green tea and sage. She recovered entirely once her sodium levels were returned to normal, but otherwise might indeed have been cleansed, if only from the face of the earth. The paper reported another case of a human who experienced fits after undertaking a similar regime.

It frustrates me when people bang on about detox, tells Thakrar, because it can actually cause harm. The proof been shown that by following a so-called detox, especially ones involving fasting, you can injury liver enzyme activity and therefore injury your bodys they are able to detoxify itself. Likewise, she tells, reducing calories for the short term can reduce your metabolic rate and you can end up putting on more weight in the long term.

I depict her literature from a company offering tailor-made juice-cleanse packages delivered to your doorway for hundreds of pounds which they say will detoxify your body and reset your metabolism. They proclaim celebrity endorsements from the likes of Madonna, Georgia May Jagger and Gwyneth Paltrow.

Theres no proof to back up any of the claims, Thakrar tells. Theyre nonsensical. I suppose the positive is that youd get a lot of fruit and vegetables, but were adults and we have teeth. We dont need our food juiced. Plus, you could end up devouring enormous amounts of sugar. Wheres the protein? Wheres the calcium?

You would think there would be laws covering this sort of thing, and there are. Any health asserts attained for food or cosmetics have to be backed up by scientifically rigorous research which is then assessed, since 2007, by the relevant European Union body. In the case of food it is the European Food Safety Agency. Applications for a valid assert of a detoxifying consequence have been attained for a dozen foodstuffs, including grapefruit, seaweed and a rice vinegar extract. All have been refused. But, as Im told by David Pickering of the Trading Standards Institute, which has responsibility for messages on packaging: It is very hard to police the health-claims marketplace , not least in the age of the internet when products might be coming in from places where regulation is different.

Talking to the companies in this country responsible for detox products and their marketing is not always a rewarding experience. In a south London branch of Boots I find racks of multi-vitamins. While none of these say they rid your body of poisons, the sign above the shelves does tell Detox. Boots tells me it was a mistake, and left over from an installation put up in 2007 and would be taken down instantly. I ask the manufacturer of Dr Stuarts Liver Detox tea, based in Storrington, West Sussex, how it detoxifies the liver and what research they have to back up the message that it could get it out your system. Arran Elliott of Dr Stuarts answers: We have decided to abstain from commenting on this matter. Oh.

Its tricky to work out when detox became a necessary remedy for lifestyle rather than genuine poisoning. Illustration: Eva Bee

Ed Foy of Press London, which manufacturers the activated charcoal lemonade, is more forthcoming. First, we dont construct direct asserts about their impact on a persons body, he tells me by email. As we know this would put us into different categories of therapeutic regulation and would be beyond our remit as a consumer food company. Indeed it would, though he goes on to point out that charcoal is used in other clinical detoxifying procedures. Perhaps, but is that any excuse for turning out a lemonade which looks like pond water?

As to the justification for putting the word detox on the bottle, this is apparently a massive category mistake on my part. Apparently and its worth reading this explanation in full I was confounding the publics vernacular use of detox in common parlance and the medical word detoxification. Today, if someone tells I am doing a January detox they mean that they are cutting out negative factors in their consumption habits, such as alcohol, smoking and foods rich in sugar, fat or salt. Therefore when we talk about detox to a consumer the consumer understands we are promoting the preferential consumption of healthier products rather than harmful ones and not referring specifically to the process of detoxification by the liver and or kidneys.

Say what? This is my misstep? The fact that detox is short for detoxification and that, in every dictionary the word is defined as differences on the removal of poisons from the body has nothing to do with it? I construct myself another cup of Dr Stuarts Liver Detox tea to see if that will soothe me down. It doesnt. I analyze a pack of cleansing detox foot pads attained in China for Organic Guru. You bandage them to your feet while you sleep and apparently the active ingredients vinegar, plant powder and something called minus ion run wonders. The main functions according to the pack are detoxification beauty, clear physical beauty, stimulate metabolism, improve immune function. Not bad for 6.99. If it wasnt utter tosh.

Detoxification does, of course, have a medical meaning, involving treatments for drugs craving or overdose. It is, therefore, tricky to work out when detox became seen as a necessary remedy for lifestyle rather than genuine poisoning. However, according to Dr Alun Withey, historian of medication at Exeter University, it is less a modern phenomenon than a notion that reaches back to our pre-pharmacological past. There is a striking similarity between modern media ideas of detox and 17 th-century versions of medical treatments to drive out the bad things, he tells. The literature of the period, including that by renowned herbalist Thomas Culpeper, is full of redress against a surfeit, he tells. Culpeper in turn recycles a lot of stuff thats centuries old about restoring the body to balance.

Judy Swift, associate prof of behavioural nutrition at Nottingham University, also watches a link with the past. If you go back to the early Christian period there is the strong idea that the pleasure food gives you is a temptation and we rise above these things because we are not animals. We demonstrate our moral worth by not doing it. Modern the idea of detox echo all this. However, she tells, there is also very much a link to modern health policy. While the medical fraternity may giggle in the face of detox products, she points out that government health advice feed five portions of fruit and veg a day, avoid certain fats, cut out the fizzy drinkings is hardly dissimilar. The message of that advice, she tells, is that to be healthy you have to work at it. It requires denial. It has to be medicalised. It has to be hard won. Which sounds very much like a juice cleanse or gargling with sooty lemonade.

After I wash off my clay detoxifying face mask, I analyze my skin. It is a bit pink in places, but otherwise there is no change from before, which builds sense devoted my skin wasnt poisoned in the first place. It merely serves to highlight the sadness of people landing themselves in A& E with seizures as a result of an ill-judged detox they thought was good for them. I operate myself a bath and pour in bright orange granules of Total Detox Bath Potion, the colour of childrens sweets. Induced by a company called Ancient Wisdom, they are apparently infused with potent aromatic petroleums and cost 4.74 a pack. They give the water a yellowish tinge, like someone has peed in it. I settle back and wait for the poisons to dissipate from my body. Nothing happens.

Still, its a nice bath.

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