Shatavari means “who possesses a hundred husbands or acceptable to many”. It is considered both a general tonic and a female reproductive tonic. Shatavari may be translated as “100 spouses”, implying its ability to increase fertility and vitality. In Ayurveda, this amazing herb is known as the “Queen of herbs”, because it promotes love and devotion. Shatavari is the main Ayurvedic rejuvenative tonic for the female, as is Withania for the male.

It shows antiulcer, antioxidant, antiinflammatory galactogauge, adaptogen, antitusive, antidiarrhoeal, antidiabetic and immunomodulatory properties. It has different names in different languages such as Hindi Name(shatavari), Marathi & Gujrathi Name(Satavari), English Name(buttermilk root, climbing asparagus, wild asparagus), kannada name(Maj………………………….read more


There are two varieties of Shatavari, with similar medicinal properties and uses.

Satavari – Asparagus racemosus

Maha Satavari – Asparagus sarmentosus Linn

Chemical constituents

Steroidal saponins are thought to be the principal bioactive constituents of shatavari root. These saponins are known as shatavarins I–IV, and they are glycosides of sarsasapogenin. Shatavari root also contains other chemical constituents of note, including racemosides, racemosol, racemofuran and asparagamine A, all of which display antioxidant activity.

Flowers and mature fruits contain quercetin, rutin (2.5% dry basis), and hyperoside, and the leaves contain diosgenin and quercetin-3-glucuronide. A. racemosus roots mainly contain 4 saponins, for example, shatavarin I–IV, the glycosides of sarsasapogenin.

The powdered roots contain 2.95% protein, 5.44% saponins, 52.89% carbohydrate, 17.93% crude fiber, 4.18% inorganic matter, and 5% oil. The root of Asparagus officinalis is more diuretic than its shoot, and the root is recommended in dropsy and is a powerful cardiac sedative.

The major bioactive constituents of Asparagus are a group of steroidal saponins. This plant also contains vitamins A, B1, B2, C, E, Mg, P, Ca, Fe, and folic acid. Other primary chemical constituents of Asparagus are essential oils, asparagine, arginine, tyrosine, flavonoids (kaempferol, quercet………………………….read more

Properties and Benefits

Rasa (Taste)- Madhura (sweet), Tikta (Bitter)

Guna (Qualities) – Guru (Heaviness), Snigdha (Oily, unctuous)

Taste conversation after digestion – Madhura(sweet)

Veerya (Potency) – Sheetala (Cold)

Effect on Tridosha: Balances Vata and Pitta Vrushya – Aphrodisiac

Kshayajit – Useful in chronic respiratory disorders, tuberculosis

Asrajit – Useful in blood disorders, Ayushya, Vaya Sthapani

Rasayanavara – A very good anti ageing medicine

Shukrala – Improves sperm and semen quantity and quality

Stanyada – Improves breast milk production

Medhya – Improves intelligence

Pushtida – Nutritious, improves nourishment

Chakshushya – Improves vision, good for eyes, useful in eye disorders

Pittasrahara – Useful in bleeding disorders such as nasal bleeding, Menorrhagia, rectal bleeding etc.

Hrudya – acts as cardiac tonic, congenial for heartMedhya

Agnivardhini – Increases digestion strength

Balavardhini – Improves strength and immunity

Grahani hara – useful in IBS, sprue, altering diarrhoea and constipation

Rasayani – anti ageing, causes cell and tissue rejuvenation

Arshohara – useful in piles, haemorrhoids

Akshirogahara, Nayanamaya hara – Useful in eye disordersBalada – improves strength and immunity

Gulmajit – Useful in abdominal tumours

Atisarajit – Relieves diarrhoea

Shophajit – Reduces swelling, anti inflammatory

Retodoshahara – Imp………………………….read more

Uses, Remedies, Benefits and Application

1) 1 or 2 fresh / dry roots of asparagus is added to a cup of milk and it is cooked for 5 – 10 minutes. Filtered. It is given to the new mothers, early in the morning to improve breast milk production. Even in cattle, this practice is found where the veterinary doctors advice to administer raw Shatavari to the cattle.

2) 3-5 gram of root powder of Shatavari is administered along with powdered sugar candy/jaggery/Mishri, twice a day. This relieves work exhaustion, numbness, neuritis, fatigue, lethargy, loss of libido etc.

3) Root powder with honey in recurrent urinary tract infections:5 gram of the powder of Shatavari if consumed regularly during night time for recurrent UTI, spermaturia, haematuria and backache are cured successfully.

4) In Ayurveda, shatavari has been treated as one of the important herbal Medicines, commonly prescribed to nourish ovary, promote production of reproductive hormones and maintain libido of women. Shatavari is mentioned under six important rasayanas. Rasayanas are herbal medicines, which promote general well being of an individual by increasing cellular vitality and immunity. Shatavari is used to correct pitta and vata dosha of patients.

5) This herb is highly effective in problems related with female reproductive system.

6) Shatavari is one of the well known drugs in Ayurveda, effective in treating madhur rasam, madhur vipakam, seet-veeryam, som rogam, chronic fever and internal heat.

7) Shatavari has also been successfully used by several Ayurvedic practitioners for Nervine disorders, Acid peptic diseases, certain infectious diseases and asa immunomodulant. Main use of this drug is in female disorders specially asa galactagogue and several menstrual disorders.

8) Equal quantity of Shatavari and Pippali powder is taken and mixed well. This is taken in a dose of 3-5 gram during night or early in the morning along with Banana juice/ Banana milkshake. Good weight gain is observed if this is carried for 30-40 days.

9) Shatavari is rich in active constituents such as steroidal glycosides, saponins, polyphenols, flavonoids, alkaloids (racemosol) and vitamins.

10) Applying Shatavari powder paste along with milk or honey on the skin helps to get rid of wrinkles. It can also help promote wound healing when applied along with coconut oil.

11) Fine powder of equal quantity of Shatavari, Ashwagandha and Kapikacchu are taken and mixed together. This is taken in the dose of 3-5 grams of else this is cooked with a cup of milk for 5 minutes, filtered and consumed.This promotes sexual libido and increases the sperm count too.

12) Fresh asparagus is cut into small pieces and soaked in water or else the 5-10 gram powder is added to 300 ml water and kept for a while. This is macerated and filtered.This is given to the individuals, suffering from burning urination and bleeding from urethra.

13) The drug has ulcer healing effect probably via strenthening the mucosal resistance or cytoprotection. It has also been iden………………………….read more

Therapeutic uses

Stanyavardhana: Paste is prepared by triturating with milk and taken along with milk.

Rasayana: Ghee prepared from the paste and decoction of taken with the sugar acts as Rasa………………………….read more

Side effects

Shatavari is coolant in its potency and sweet in taste. Excessive intake above the prescribed dose can slightly increase the Kapha dosha mainly in Kap………………………….read more

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